Inflammation of the gums is caused by an accumulation of dental plaque and tartar.
Did you know that 75% of adults will suffer from gum disease during their lifetime?
Apart from tooth decay, gum diseases constitutes the main dental problem in adults and elderly people.
Gingivitis: the first step
Gingivitis (gum disease) is the first sign of a periodontal disease. It is caused by an accumulation of dental plaque and tartar.
Dental plaque is an invisible bacterial film that accumulates on the teeth. With time, the plaque transforms into tartar, a granulous and hard substance that needs to be removed by the dental professional.
Signs of gingivitis
- Bleeding during teeth brushing
- Bad breath
- Red, swollen and sensitive gums
Gingivitis left untreated can transform into periodontitis. Without treatment, the teeth can become loose and might need to be extracted.
A periodontal treatment aims to restore healthy gums. It can include:
- Removal of plaque and tartar
- Scaling and root planing
- Curettage of plaque and inflamed tissue
- Surgical removal of tartar deeply located
Prevention of gum disease remains the best option. Regular teeth brushing, flossing and regular dental appointments are the key to keep gum healthy.